Plants for 2021

* indicates plants native to eastern North America

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*Boltonia asteroides. Thousand-flowered aster. From July to September this tall (3-5’) aster produces many tiny white flowers attractive to pollinators. The mass of bloom is breathtaking. Good for full sun to part shade, moist soil and rain gardens.

Campanula punctata alba. Spotted bellflower. The white hanging bells are not spotted, so why the name? Forms a clump 15” tall with a similar spread. In summer dozens of white bells dance in the breeze. Easy to grow and likes sun or part shade. Deer avoid it.

Carex morrowii ‘Ice Dance’. Japanese sedge. The perfect ground cover to bring light into the woodland garden. Forms mats of while-edged leaves even in dry shade. Evergreen foliage 1-1.5’ high; spreads by rhizomes.

*Carex appalachica. Appalachian sedge. Tiny grass-like foliage on a clump forming sedge. 6” tall, elegant and cute. Excellent for dry shade.

*Carex flaccosperma. Blue wood sedge. Beautiful glaucous leaves  on 1’ clumps. A good native replacement for liriope. Shade or part shade

*Carex plantaginea. Seersucker sedge. Deep green semi-evergreen foliage 6-12” with a distinct crinkled surface. A native answer to hosta. For dry shade to part shade.

*Chrysogonum virginianum. Green-and-gold. Why is this plant so underused? Low growing groundcover for dry shade with bright yellow blossoms spring into the summer. Easy to propagate by division of rooted stems. 3-6” tall in bloom.



*Conoclinium coelestinum. Blue mist flower, hardy ageratum.This late summer blooming composite grows 2’ in full sun and dry conditions. Spreads by underground runners to form colonies.

*Chasmanthium latifolium. Northern sea oats Attractive oat-like seed heads sway on this cool-season grass. 3-4’ tall, green-tan seeds in July and August. Easy from seed or divisions of the fibrous roots.

Convallaria majalis. Lily of the valley. Why do we list what is a common, easy plant that everybody already has? It’s one we like, it’s fragrant, it blooms for Mother’s Day and it likes dry shade. 6-12”. Just in case you don’t have it. Can be forced to bloom in about 21 days at any time of the year.


*Coreopsis tripteris. Tall coreopsis. Dozens of yellow daisy flowers on plants 4-7’ tall. Yes, feet.  But in a tall meadow it’s very showy. Blooms August to October in full sun and good for dry conditions. From seeds or divisions.

Digitalis grandiflora. Large yellow foxglove. Perennial, unlike the pink one, this 2-3’ early summer-blooming plant is unattractive to deer because of the cardiac glycosides which make the whole plant poisonous (but only if you eat it). Dry shade and part sun make it easy. Will self seed unless deadheaded. Evergreen basal foliage. D. lutea, the smaller version of the above, is just as beautiful but the flowers are smaller and the plant is shorter. Gorgeous winter basal foliage is deep maroon.

*Dicentra formosa. Western bleeding heart. This easy woodland perennial runs to form a patch and makes a groundcover of the ferny foliage. Pink flowers on 16” stems in early summer. Dry shade or medium moist, spreads also by seeds.



Dryopteris erythrosora. Autumn fern. Named for the emerging foliage of amber and gold, the autumn fern likes dry shade and will grow to 3’ and spread. Deer resistant and persistent, can be divided in early spring. Spreads by spores.